Engineer of chemistry. Prof. dr hab. in social sciences. Fulbright scholar at Harvard Univ. IREX scholar at Berkeley Univ. Author of many books on political systems and international relations.
Former Polish State Secretary at the Prime Minister Chancellery. Long-standing member of the PoLishSejm (7 terms) and PACE (Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe) v-president. Member of
the European Academy of Science and Arts in Salzburg.