Survey: Women’s Exposure to Gender-Based Violence and Harassment in the Street

21/11/2018

One year after #MeToo and in the week of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women on November 25th, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and the Fondation Jean-Jaurès have wished to look at gender-based violence and harassment in the street in five European countries (France, Italy, Spain, Germany, United-Kingdom) and in the United States.

This survey carried out by Ifop (the French Institute for Public Opinion) has been presented on the occasion of the conference on “Sexual Harassment and gender-based violence at work: state of play, state of emergency?” co-organised by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and Fondation Jean-Jaurès which gathered academics, institutional officials, politicians and civil society representatives on November 19th, 2018.

Check the results of the survey in English or French

Summary of the survey 

Panorama of different types of sexual harassment and gender-based violence in Europe and the United States:

  • How many women have been confronted to disrespectful behaviour on the street?
  • How many women have been victim of sexist insults or sexual slurs on the street?
  • How many women have been victim of street harassment?
  • How many women have been victim of street exhibitionism?
  • How many women have been victim of molesting on the street?

Main Finings

  • 65% of European women have been whistled at on the street in their lives, 70% for American women
  • 36% of European women have experienced sexist remarks, mocking or insults on the street in their lives, 50% for American women
  • 36% of European women have experienced obscene gestures with a sexual connotation in their lives (50% for Spanish women), 46% for American women
  • 56% of German women have approached with insistence in their lives in spite of the absence of their consent (European average: 45%)
  • 43% of the French women have been followed during part of their way at least once in their lives (European average: 37%)
  • 35% of the Spanish women have been confronted with street exhibitionism in their lives
  • 40% of the British women have experienced sexual touching and fondling (e.g. hands placed on buttocks) in spite of the absence of their consent at least once in their lives (European average: 34%), 41% for American women
  • 40% of German women have been victim of at least one form of sexual assault or molesting on the street during the past 12 months
  • 86% of French women have been victim of at least one form of sexual assault or molesting on the street

Methodology

The survey has been carried out with a sample of 6025 women, composed of a representative sample of women aged 18 years old and more across the following countries:

  • Italy: 1009 women
  • Spain: 1007 women
  • France: 1004 women
  • Germany: 1004 women
  • United Kingdom: 1001 women
  • United States: 1000 women

In each country, the survey has been carried out amongst a sample whose representativeness has been guaranteed by the quotas method (age, profession of the person surveyed) after stratification by region. The data guaranteeing the representativeness of the results has been retrieved from data provided by:

  • The European Union Labour Force Survey (EU LFS 2014) for the European countries,
  • The current Population Survey (CPS 2015) for the United States

The interviews have been carried out by an online self-administered questionnaire from October 25th to 30th, 2018.

Network
Fondation Jean-Jaurès
Find all related publications
Publications
05/03/2024

A European feminist foreign policy?

The need for a progressive and transformative approach
19/02/2024

Women CSO leaders for systemic change

How to support feminist leadership in Europe
01/02/2024

Bridging the gender pay gap in the Western Balkans?

A country case study of Croatia, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia
26/09/2023

‘Abortion in the EU’ – Country fact sheets

Multispeed access to abortion across member states
Find all related Progressive Post
Progressive Post
07/03/2024

Women in Politics do matter

07/03/2024

Far-right feminists? The exploitation of women’s rights and what’s behind it

07/03/2024

Digital misogyny and character assassination

Find all related events
Events
Past
08/03/2024
Budapest, Hungary

How to pursue gender equality in the context of right wing, authoritarian regimes?

The cases of Hungary and Serbia
23/02/2024
Barcelona, Spain

Accelerating progress

Towards a feminist future of work, without violence against women and from a European perspective
09 - 10/02/2024
Hungary and Serbia (Training)

Gender equality: How to pursue it in the context of right wing, authoritarian regimes?

The cases of Hungary and Serbia
Find all related news
News
22/03/2024

FEPS attends the 68th annual Commission on the Status of Women (CSW68)

08/03/2024

Discover the updated EU Care Atlas!

23/01/2024

Call for tender – FFP Research and network coordinator

This call for tender is now closed.
17/01/2024

Call for submissions – FFPPVC policy brief series

This call for tender closed on 16/02/2024
Find all related in the media
In the media

FEPS President on Euronews talk-show ‘Brussels, my love?’

by Euronews 16/03/2024
FEPS President Maria João Rodrigues discusses NATO expansions and elections in Russia and Portugal on Euronews talk-show ‘Brussels, my love?‘

A credible future beyond growth has to be feminist

by euobserver 17/05/2023
Euobserver article about the #BeyondGrowth conference mentions FEPS 'Defining Care' Policy Brief

Pay transparency can help close the gender pay gap but at what cost?

by Euronews 31/08/2022

How many inequalities can the world fight at the same time?

by Social Europe 07/07/2022