One year after #MeToo and in the week of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women on November 25th, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and the Fondation Jean-Jaurès have wished to look at gender-based violence and harassment in the street in five European countries (France, Italy, Spain, Germany, United-Kingdom) and in the United States.
Panorama of different types of sexual harassment and gender-based violence in Europe and the United States:
How many women have been confronted to disrespectful behaviour on the street?
How many women have been victim of sexist insults or sexual slurs on the street?
How many women have been victim of street harassment?
How many women have been victim of street exhibitionism?
How many women have been victim of molesting on the street?
65% of European women have been whistled at on the street in their lives, 70% for American women
36% of European women have experienced sexist remarks, mocking or insults on the street in their lives, 50% for American women
36% of European women have experienced obscene gestures with a sexual connotation in their lives (50% for Spanish women), 46% for American women
56% of German women have approached with insistence in their lives in spite of the absence of their consent (European average: 45%)
43% of the French women have been followed during part of their way at least once in their lives (European average: 37%)
35% of the Spanish women have been confronted with street exhibitionism in their lives
40% of the British women have experienced sexual touching and fondling (e.g. hands placed on buttocks) in spite of the absence of their consent at least once in their lives (European average: 34%), 41% for American women
40% of German women have been victim of at least one form of sexual assault or molesting on the street during the past 12 months
86% of French women have been victim of at least one form of sexual assault or molesting on the street
The survey has been carried out with a sample of 6025 women, composed of a representative sample of women aged 18 years old and more across the following countries:
Italy: 1009 women
Spain: 1007 women
France: 1004 women
Germany: 1004 women
United Kingdom: 1001 women
United States: 1000 women
In each country, the survey has been carried out amongst a sample whose representativeness has been guaranteed by the quotas method (age, profession of the person surveyed) after stratification by region. The data guaranteeing the representativeness of the results has been retrieved from data provided by:
The European Union Labour Force Survey (EU LFS 2014) for the European countries,
The current Population Survey (CPS 2015) for the United States
The interviews have been carried out by an online self-administered questionnaire from October 25th to 30th, 2018.
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