Designing labour migration policies that work for the EU and African countries

Progressive Migration Group series

Policy Brief

22/12/2023

In 2022, all 27 EU countries experienced labour shortages, a trend that is anticipated to persist across all skill levels across the EU. Given the scale and nature of labour shortages in EU member states’ economies, countries will need non-EU workers to fill in gaps in the labour market. However, challenges arise due to prevailing hostile attitudes towards immigration within EU countries, hindering effective solutions to domestic labour shortages through non-EU workforce integration.

In the context of Africa, labour migration to the EU can play a key role in Africa’s development provided that policies are designed with African interests in mind. To achieve this, it is crucial for African countries to actively participate in designing labour migration agreements, ensuring their interests are safeguarded and co-ownership is established.

This policy brief delves into the intricate dynamics of Africa-EU labour migration, hoping to shed light on key complexities and provides recommendations on how to improve labour migration policy to benefit both parties. These proposals emphasise the importance of fostering improved communication regarding the necessity of labour migration to the EU, implementing more effective integration policies, and developing labour migration agreements that are developed in the interests of African countries.

Progressive Migration Group

FEPS, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung EU Office and Fondation Jean-Jaurès came together to establish the Progressive Migration Group (PMG). The group, chaired by Anna Terron Cusi and composed of African and European migration experts, explores the relations and cooperation between the European Union and the countries of origin and transit, with the aspiration of abandoning the prevailing stagnant narratives surrounding migration, and, above all, with the ambition of formulating innovative recommendations and policy proposals for progressive forces at the EU and national levels in the field of migration management as well as in other policy areas that have an impact on migration causes and flows.

In particular, the project focuses on how these complex relations have been interpreted and translated into policies by the EU institutions, mostly aimed at curbing (irregular) migration by externalising migration control and management. This is a component of EU policy still prevailing in the (New) Pact for Asylum and Migration.

The PMG formulates alternative migration schemes between Africa and Europe that take on board this more profound understanding of this nexus.

Network
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Related publications
26/11/2023

The ‘irregular’ distraction in the New Pact

Progressive Migration Group series
25/11/2023

Bridging the gap between EU migration and development policies

Progressive Migration Group series
24/11/2023

A no-win situation

Progressive Migration Group series
Related events
08/11/2023
EP, Brussels (Expert meeting)

Progressive Migration Group

An African-European dialogue on migration
21 - 22/09/2023
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Expert meeting)

Progressive Migration Group meeting

08 - 09/06/2023
Barcelona, Spain (Expert meeting)

Progressive Migration Group meeting

Find all related publications
Publications
24/01/2024

Progressive Yearbook 2024

Looking back to look ahead
22/12/2023

Designing labour migration policies that work for the EU and African countries

Progressive Migration Group series
26/11/2023

The ‘irregular’ distraction in the New Pact

Progressive Migration Group series
25/11/2023

Bridging the gap between EU migration and development policies

Progressive Migration Group series
Find all related Progressive Post
Progressive Post
30/11/2023

Is it time to turn down the volume on the migration debate?

29/09/2023

Lampedusa tragedy: 10 years later nothing has changed

19/06/2023

Chronicle of a failure foretold

Find all related events
Events
Past
24/01/2024
FEPS HQ

Progressive Yearbook launch

08/11/2023
EP, Brussels (Expert meeting)

Progressive Migration Group

An African-European dialogue on migration
20/10/2023
Perugia, Italy (Hybrid)

Perspectives on migration

The political economy of migration policies across Europe
Find all related news
News
07/12/2023

Call for Tender – Research on Migration

This call for tender closed on 05/01/2024
26/01/2023

Grzegorz Pietruczuk is FEPS Progressive Person of the Year

FEPS Progressive Person of the Year 2023
10/12/2022

Multiannual research project: Disinformation about migration in the EU

How to counteract disinformation effectively?
01/10/2018

International Progressives gathered in the framework of the UNGA to send a message on Migration

Find all related in the media
In the media

Is it time to turn down the volume on the migration debate?

by IPS Journal 13/11/2023
IPS Journal article about FEPS policy briefs 'Communicating on migration'