Anna PACZEŚNIAK is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Wrocław, where she heads the Department of European Political Processes, specialising in European and Polish politics and comparative analysis of political parties. She has been a member of the FEPS Scientific Council since 2018. From 2011 to 2018, she worked as a lecturer at the Free University of Brussels; from 2016 to 2017, she was a fellow researcher at Wallonia-Brussels International. She is co-author of the following books: Electoral Defeat and Party Change: From Makeover to Retouching (Palgrave 2022), Party organisation and communication in Poland (Palgrave 2021), Comprendre la Pologne. Société, politique et institutions (Harmattan 2016).