Employment terms of platform workers

Digital Programme: Algorithms at the workplace

Policy Study

18/01/2024

Data-driven analysis of online platforms in Denmark

The European Commission estimates that around 28 million people in the EU work through one or more digital labour platforms, known as the “gig economy”. There are serious concerns about the working conditions and social rights of people working in the “gig economy”, as many platforms claim that their role is not of traditional employers but as intermediaries between customers and self-employed service providers. This has led many platform companies to compensate workers through remuneration rather than a fixed salary. Some even require workers to establish their own companies to which the salary is then paid.

Administrative data shows an apparent rise in the number of renumerated workers within specific sectors in Denmark. Notably, the transport, information, and communication industries exhibit a significant surge, predominantly comprising young, non-Danish workers with limited educational backgrounds. As part of FEPS and its Nordic partner’s ‘Digital Programme: Algorithms at the workplace‘, this policy study seeks to contribute knowledge about platform companies and the terms of employment for workers engaged through them.

Employing quantitative data sources, this policy study underscores that, even within one of Europe’s most organised labour markets, platform companies are trying to circumvent labour and tax regulations by hiring platform workers through remuneration contracts. This knowledge is crucial for informing the policy discourse at both the European and Danish levels, contributing to the clarification of distinctions between employed and self-employed workers. All workers should be guaranteed basic employment terms, with guaranteed job security such as a labour contract, and the platform applying basic social security and tax regulations to platform workers.


This policy study is part of the Digital Research Programme

FEPS, Tankesmedjan Tiden, Kalevi Sorsa Saatio, Tankesmien Agenda, CEVEA, Arbejderbevægelsens Erhvervsråd (ECLM), Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Nordics and Cooperation Committee of the Nordic Labour Movement (SAMAK), with the support of Nordic trade Unions, came together for a Digital Research Programme to discuss the research questions, methods and approaches of the different research strands:

  1. Algorithmic management and governance (prevalence & consequences)
  2. Workers’ experience at the workplace – surveys and focus groups
  3. Online platforms and employment terms
Network
Cevea
Economic Council of the Labour Movement (ECLM)
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Kalevi Sorsa Foundation
Samak
Tankesmedja Tiden
Tankesmien Agenda
Related publications
23/01/2024

Algorithms by and for the workers

Digital Programme: Algorithms at the workplace
Related events
23/01/2024
Helsinki, Finland

Algorithms in the Workplace

Breakfast roundtable
18/01/2024
Copenhagen, Denmark (Expert meeting)

Platform work and employment terms

Expert roundtable
Find all related publications
Publications
11/06/2024

Computer in command

Digital Programme: Algorithms at the workplace
15/05/2024

EU regulation on transparency and targeting of political advertising?

FEPS Yan Series
15/04/2024

Expected labour market effects of the Green Deal Industrial Plan

The potential of labour policy for Just Transition regions
24/01/2024

Progressive Yearbook 2024

Looking back to look ahead
Find all related Progressive Post
Progressive Post
04/04/2024

The Democratic Shield: safeguarding democracy in the age of AI

04/04/2024

Defending democracy in the digital world

Whole-of-society approaches against disinformation
04/04/2024

The 2024 super-election year: navigating the geopolitical disinformation maze

Find all related events
Events
Past
08/04/2024
Online

The rise of algorithmic management, from platform economy to traditional sectors

Webinar on platform work and algorithms at the workplace
16/02/2024
Sofia, Bulgaria

The cost of personal transition

Forum for Progressive left solutions
23/01/2024
Helsinki, Finland

Algorithms in the Workplace

Breakfast roundtable
Find all related news
News
13/03/2023

Digital programme: Algorithms at the workplace

FEPS, together with Nordic partners, launched a Digital Programme on algorithmic management and workers' rights
Find all related in the media
In the media

Sustainable democracies need a sustainable media sector, says Jourová

by EURACTIV 02/04/2024
FEPS President Maria João Rodrigues discusses AI and journalism at Stars4Media event

AI won’t replace quality journalism, but sector needs safeguarding, says socialist think tank head

by Euractiv 18/03/2024
Interview with FEPS President on the role of media in Europe’s future

Ласло Андор: Европа трябва да създаде нов модел за икономически растеж

by dir.bg 14/03/2024
'Europe must create a new model for economic growth'. Interview by Laszlo Andor, FEPS Secretary General

Цената на прехода – зелен, дигитален и демографски

by BNT 13/03/2024
'The cost of transition - green, digital and demographic' BNT Interview with László Andor about the three major transformations the world is facing.