Builders of Progress – Survey

Europe’s largest Gen Z-focused research ever conducted

Policy Study


FEPS and ThinkYoung have conducted, over 3 years, Europe’s most extensive youth-focused research in politics in which 19,000 young people took part.

Some of the key findings:

  • 65% of respondents think the EU should stop providing funding to member states that fail to respect human rights and democratic rules.
  • 40% of youth in Europe think reducing pay gaps will have the greatest impact on gender equality in Europe.
  • 69% of young people support an EU-wide minimum wage
  • 71% per cent of young people want politicians to better communicate to citizens what the EU is doing and how it impacts their daily life

The results of Europe’s most comprehensive youth survey have been presented at an event at FEPS’ headquarters on Tuesday, 11 October.

The project follows on the tradition of FEPS’s long-standing work researching Millennials and expands it to include Generation Z.

The study explores young Europeans’ views on the shocks posed by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine. According to the results, job security, health and climate change are the main concerns of young people. They believe that all these challenges can best be addressed through unity and cooperation. In this context, 68% of respondents said that the COVID-19 crisis has shown that more cooperation is needed at the European level.

The pandemic has also shown that health systems in the EU are underfunded, which young people see as a key investment priority for EU recovery funds. COVID-19 has significantly exacerbated young people’s worries about education, training, and access to decent work and employment. While 59% had a positive experience working and studying from home, 61% of young Europeans reported mental health concerns. Despite this, the proportion of those who have sought professional mental health care remains low, with only 10% reporting seeing a psychologist.

As the war continues to rage in Ukraine, the report also showcases the strong consensus among young Europeans to support those in need; 74% of respondents believe the EU should let in more refugees from Ukraine. In the same vein, 70% support greater EU spending to help Ukrainian refugees safely enter and settle in Europe.

With EU leaders continuing to debate further actions to address inequalities, 69% of young people want the EU to guarantee fair minimum wages and ensure the provision of decent and affordable housing. 40% of youth in Europe think reducing pay gaps will have the greatest impact on gender equality in Europe, making it the most popular policy measure on the topic. Furthermore, almost half of young Europeans see maintaining the assistance provided to those most in need throughout the pandemic as the top long-term funding priority for the coming years. 

Commenting on the findings, László Andor, FEPS Secretary General, said: “Most young people favour further EU integration, enlargement, and an EU that speaks with a single voice on the global stage. At the same time, they also strongly support an EU-wide minimum wage, and an EU role in delivering universal basic income and decent unemployment benefits. Overall, there is a strong sentiment that young people want to be more involved in EU affairs, which should be seen as key to strengthening European democracy.

Commenting on the findings, Andrea Gerosa, Founder of ThinkYoung, said: “Young people in Europe have clearly articulated their desire for a Europe which takes a bolder approach on key issues such as human rights, defence, the environment and growth. This report is the culmination of the most in-depth study ever conducted on the priorities of young Europeans and we hope that these findings will be recognised by policymakers as they move forward with Europe’s recovery.”

Other key findings of the report include:

  • 67% of young people think the EU should involve their generation more in European public affairs.
  • 65% of young Europeans also want the EU to reduce energy dependency on outside sources – a view probably reinforced by the impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
  • 42% of young people support continuing financial support provided to those most in need during the pandemic.
  • In the fight against climate change, over two-thirds of young people want the EU to be stricter on the highest polluting companies in the EU. 
  • 61% of respondents agree that the EU must do more to protect the rights of LGBTQI+ people.

#BuildersOfProgress #EuropeNextGen

Launch event

This publication was presented  at an event at FEPS’ headquarters on Tuesday, 11 October

Countries’ fact sheets

Find all related publications

The Sahel region: A litmus test for EU-Africa relations in a changing global order

'12 years of crises in the Sahel' series

Progressive Yearbook 2023

Looking back to look ahead

Covid-19 crisis

Implications and lessons for European social democracy

Building resilient democracies

Challenges and solutions across the globe
Find all related events
18 - 20/09/2023

FEPS Annual Autumn Academy 2023

Beyond 2024
09 - 11/11/2018

School for European Democracy 2018

Scuola di Democrazia Europea 2018

School for European Democracy 2017

Scuola di Democrazia Europea 2017
Find all related news

FEPS renews its support to ULB students’ magazine Eyes on Europe

FEPS is proud to renew its collaboration with the ULB student non-profit association “Eyes on Europe“ at […]

Joint priorities for the Defence of Democracy Package

We are proud to share that FEPS has contributed to a paper summarising the Joint […]

Europe’s largest Gen Z-focused research ever conducted

The Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and ThinkYoung have conducted, over 3 years, Europe’s […]

New report shows young Europeans fear war spreading across Europe and call on EU countries to spend more on defence

Brussels, 12 May 2022 – As war continues to rage in Ukraine, a new survey has found that nearly […]
Find all related in the media
In the media

‘No one is unemployable’: the French social experiment

by EUobserver 21/03/2023
EUobserver article on unemployment in the EU with a mention to FEPS' policy brief 'A Job Guarantee for Europe.'

‘Boomerang’ youth head home as housing crisis bites

by Euractiv 11/10/2022
Builders of Progress - NextGen survey

The EU’s magic solution

by Euractiv 29/09/2022
Interview with FEPS Secretary General László Andor on the conditionality mechanism to Hungary

Omnibus Dibattito

by La 7 19/05/2022